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Brain-Like Computing a Step Closer to Reality

In Search of the Memory Molecule, Researchers Discover Key Protein Complex

Genes at the Flick of a Light Switch: Human Cells Fitted With Synthetic Signaling Cascade

Social Amoebae Rely On Genetic 'Lock and Key' to Identify Kin

When Matter Melts: Scientists Map Phase Changes in Quark-Gluon Plasma

Sleep Switch Found in Fruit Flies

Modern Fish Communities Live Fast and Die Young

Sun and Planets Constructed Differently Than Thought, NASA Mission Suggests

'Quantum Magic' Without Any 'Spooky Action at a Distance'

Ancient Species of Mayfly Had Short, Tragic Life

Artificial Pancreas Being Developed to Ease Diabetes Burden

Premature Aging Caused by Some HIV Drugs, Study Shows

Ocean Currents Speed Melting of Antarctic Ice: A Major Glacier Is Undermined from Below

Flooding of Ancient Salton Sea Linked to San Andreas Earthquakes

Brain Rhythm Associated With Learning Also Linked to Running Speed, Study Shows

First Patients Receive Lab-Grown Blood Vessels from Donor Cells

Scientists Sequence Endangered Tasmanian Devil's Genome

Ancient Symbiosis Between Animals and Bacteria Discovered

Subatomic Quantum Memory in Diamond Demonstrated

Neutron Star Bites Off More Than It Can Chew

Tiny Ring Laser Accurately Detects and Counts Nanoparticles

Bacterium Engineered With DNA in Which Thymine Is Replaced by Synthetic Building Block

Rockin' Tortoises: A 150-Year-Old New Species

Neuroscientists Find Famous Optical Illusion Surprisingly Potent

Inkjet Printing Could Change the Face of Solar Energy Industry

Brain-Like Computing a Step Closer to Reality
The development of 'brain-like' computers has taken a major step forward with the publication of research led by the University of Exeter.

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In Search of the Memory Molecule, Researchers Discover Key Protein Complex
Have a tough time remembering where you put your keys, learning a new language or recalling names at a cocktail party? New research from the Lisman Laboratory at Brandeis University points to a molecule that is central to the process by which memories are stored in the brain.

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Genes at the Flick of a Light Switch: Human Cells Fitted With Synthetic Signaling Cascade
Researchers from ETH Zurich have fitted human cells with a synthetic signaling cascade that can be used to switch on and regulate genes via blue light. This "gene light switch" makes interesting therapies possible, which could be used to treat type 2 diabetes, for instance.

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Social Amoebae Rely On Genetic 'Lock and Key' to Identify Kin
The ability to identify self and non-self enables cells in more sophisticated animals to ward off invading infections, but it is critical to even simpler organisms such as the social amoebae Dictyostelium discoideum.

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When Matter Melts: Scientists Map Phase Changes in Quark-Gluon Plasma
In its infancy, when the universe was a few millionths of a second old, the elemental constituents of matter moved freely in a hot, dense soup of quarks and gluons. As the universe expanded, this quark-gluon plasma quickly cooled, and protons and neutrons and other forms of normal matter "froze out": the quarks became bound together by the exchange of gluons, the carriers of the color force.

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Sleep Switch Found in Fruit Flies
Rather than count sheep, drink warm milk or listen to soothing music, many insomniacs probably wish for a switch they could flick to put themselves to sleep.

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Modern Fish Communities Live Fast and Die Young
Fish communities in the 21st century live fast and die young. That's the main finding of a recent study by researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society who compared fish recently caught in coastal Kenya with the bones of fish contained in ancient Swahili refuse heaps in order to understand how to rebuild the current fisheries.

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Sun and Planets Constructed Differently Than Thought, NASA Mission Suggests
Researchers analyzing samples returned by NASA's 2004 Genesis mission have discovered that our sun and its inner planets may have formed differently than previously thought.

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'Quantum Magic' Without Any 'Spooky Action at a Distance'
Quantum mechanical entanglement is at the heart of the famous quantum teleportation experiment and was referred to by Albert Einstein as "spooky action at a distance." A team of researchers led by Anton Zeilinger at the University of Vienna and the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences used a system which does not allow for entanglement, and still found results which cannot be interpreted classically.

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Ancient Species of Mayfly Had Short, Tragic Life
Like most adult mayflies, she only had that one day to live anyway, so there was no time to waste. She took her mating flight, got fertilized, and was about to lay her eggs when something went horribly wrong. She got stuck in some oozing tree sap and died, preserved for all time in the magic of amber. There would be ho hatchlings.

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Artificial Pancreas Being Developed to Ease Diabetes Burden
The 25.8 million Americans who have diabetes may soon be free of finger pricks and daily insulin dosing. Mayo Clinic endocrinologists Yogish Kudva, M.B.B.S., and Ananda Basu, M.B.B.S., M.D., are developing an artificial pancreas that will deliver insulin automatically and with an individualized precision never before possible.

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Hydrogen Peroxide Found in Space

Mechanical Micro-Drum Cooled to Quantum Ground State

New Force Driving Earth's Tectonic Plates

Cassini Captures Images and Sounds of Saturn Storm

Gray Whales Likely Survived the Ice Ages by Changing Their Diets

Beauty Is in the Medial Orbito-Frontal Cortex of the Beholder

Brain Co-Opts the Body to Promote Moral Behavior, Study Finds

Ancestry of Polar Bears Traced to Ireland

Stardust in Our Backyard Provides New Clues to Galaxy Evolution

Discovery of Natural Antibody Brings a Universal Flu Vaccine a Step Closer

First Successful Transplantation of a Synthetic Tissue Engineered Windpipe

Holes in Fossil Bones Reveal Dinosaur Activity

A Change of Heart: Researchers Reprogram Brain Cells to Become Heart Cells

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Silver Pen Has the Write Stuff for Flexible Electronics

The Smell of Danger: Rats Instinctively Avoid Compound in Carnivore Urine

Domed Dinosaur Was King of the Head Butt

Universe's Most Distant Quasar Found, Powered by Massive Black Hole

Scientists Use 'Optogenetics' to Control Reward-Seeking Behavior

New Fossils Demonstrate That Powerful Eyes Evolved in a Twinkling

'Odd Couple' Binary Star System Makes Dual Gamma-Ray Flares

Clocking Neptune's Spin by Tracking Atmospheric Features

Sea Urchins See With Their Whole Body

'Zombie' Stars Key to Measuring Dark Energy

X-Rays Reveal Patterns in the Plumage of the First Birds

Takeoffs and Landings Cause More Precipitation Near Airports, Researchers Find

NASA's Spitzer Finds Distant Galaxies Grazed On Gas

Loudest Animal Is Recorded for the First Time

Gastric Bacterium Helicobacter Pylori Protects Against Asthma

Environs Prompt Advantageous Gene Mutations as Plants Grow; Changes Passed to Progeny

Tree Frogs' Self-Cleaning Feet Could Solve a Sticky Problem

Warming Ocean Layers Will Undermine Polar Ice Sheets, Climate Models Show

Most of World's 'Missing Species' Live in Known Hotspots, Study Finds

Naked Mole-Rat Genome: Scientists Sequence DNA of Cancer-Resistant Rodent

Hot Springs Microbe Yields Record-Breaking, Heat-Tolerant Enzyme

New Laser Technology Could Kill Viruses and Improve DVDs

Termites' Digestive System Could Act as Biofuel Refinery

How Hot Did Earth Get in the Past? Team of Scientists Uncovers New Information

Functioning Small Intestine Created in Laboratory Experiments